Directive Speech Act in Megawati Sukarnoputri’s Political Speech during the Celebration of PDIP’s 50th Anniversary


  • Indah Utami Chaerunnisah Politeknik Negeri Bali



Megawati Sukarnoputri, political speech, directive speech act


The objective of the research was  to interpret the type and subtype of directive speech act found in Megawati Sukarnoputri’s political speech during the celebration of PDIP’s 50th anniversary, identify its frequencies and explain what they are used for. This is a qualitative research that applied directive speech act approach. The data in this study were taken from the transcript of the speech. They were interpreted by identifying utterances which applies directive speech act, and categorizing them into different types and subtypes. This research discovered 184 utterances which applied directive speech act where 121 of them were categorized as command, 35 were requests and 28 were suggestions. The most dominant subtype was direct speech act, while indirect speech used occasionally. It additionally revealed that command used to give order, instructions, prohibitions and warnings, requests to ask for cooperation, and support, and express wishes, and suggestions to give advice and opinions.


Amanda, V., & Marlina, L. (2018). Directive Speech Acts Used in Frozen Movie Transcript. E-Journal of English Language and Literature, 7(1).

Austin, J. L. (1962). How to Do Things with Words. Oxford University Press.

Dermawan, A., Marnita, R., & Revita, I. (2020). Types of Directive Speech Act Used by Futsal Coach in Vamos Academy Padang. TELL-US Journal, 6(1), 35–50.

Erlinda, R. (2019). Introduction to English Pragmatics (1st ed.). Jakarta: Prenadamedia Group.

Fitria, T. N. (2019). An Analysis of Directive Speech Act Found In “Koi Mil Gaya” Movie. Journal of Pragmatics Research, 01(02), 89–99.

Hapsari, N. (2017). Framing Women Politician in Democratic Environment: A Study of Megawati Soekarno Putri and Hillary Clinton. RUBIKON, 4(1), 11–29.

Heryani, S., Purnama, A., & Hartono, H. (2019). Donald Trump’s Ideology in His Political Speeches: A Critical Discourse Analysis. TheGIST, 1(1).

Hussain, T., Shahwar, D., & Basit, A. (2020). A Speech Act Analysis of the First Speech of Imran Khan as Prime Minister. Global Political Review, V(II), 1–10.

I. R., W., Ongarora, D., & Matu, P. (2016). Political Speeches and National Integration: A Pragmatic Analysis of Selected Political Speeches in Kenya. Multilingual Academic Journal of Education and Social Sciences, 4(1), 57–70.

Lai, Y. (2023, February 11). ‘It’s My Call’: Megawati Pulls Rank at PDI-P Bash. The Jakarta Post.

Levinson, S. C. (2017). Speech Acts. In Y. Huang (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Pragmatics. New York: Oxford University Press.

Mey, J. L. (2001). Pragmatics (2nd ed.). New Jersey: Blackwell Publishing.

Noor, S. N. F. M., & Megah, S. I. (2020). Realization Of Jokowi’s Hidden Ideology in The State Speech Text: A Transitivity Analysis. PARADIGM: Journal of Language and Literary Studies, 3(2), 71–81.

Nugroho, J. (2023, February 3). The Long Political Afterlife of Megawati Sukarnoputri. The Diplomat.

Rahmaniah, R., Asih, Y. U., & Suhatmady, B. (2022). Donald Trump’s Political Speech: A Critical Issue “us vs them.” Borneo Educational Journal, 4(2), 70–78.

Rosyida, A. N., & Fauzi, E. M. (2020). A Speech Act Analysis on Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez’s 2018 Political Campaign Advertisement. PROJECT (Professional Journal of English Education), 3(2), 299–304.

Sari, D. N., & Utomo, A. P. Y. (2020). Directive speech act in President Joko Widodo’s speech related to handling coronavirus (Covid-19) in Indonesia (Pragmatic review). Journal of Social Studies (JSS), 16(1), 35–50.

Vanderstoep, D. D., & Johnston, S. W. (2011). RESEARCH METHODS FOR EVERYDAY LIFE. In Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.).

Wijaya, F. R., & Helmie, J. (2019). An Analysis of Directive Speech Acts in The Fault in Our Stars Movie Script. Jurnal JOEPALLT, 7(1).

Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. New York: Oxford University Press.




How to Cite

Chaerunnisah, I. U. (2023). Directive Speech Act in Megawati Sukarnoputri’s Political Speech during the Celebration of PDIP’s 50th Anniversary. Madah: Jurnal Bahasa Dan Sastra, 14(1), 65–76.